Colorado State University  Mathematical

The Mechanics and Mathematics of Growth and Remodeling in Biological Systems

By  Alain Goriely
From  Mathematics Department, Program in Applied Mathematics, and The BIO5 Institute,
University of Arizona, Tucson.
When  February 19, 2009
10:00 am
Where  Weber 223
Abstract  Growth is involved in many fundamental biological processes such as morphogenesis, physiological regulation, or pathological disorders. It is, in general, a process of enormous complexity involving genetic, biochemical, and physical components at many different scales and with complex interactions. In this talk, I will consider the problem of modeling growth in elastic biological materials and investigate its mechanical consequences. First, starting with simple system in one two and three dimensions, I will show how to generalize the classical theory of exact elasticity to include growth. Second, I will show how growth affects both the geometry of a body by changing typical length scales but also its mechanics by inducing incompatible residual stresses. The competition between these two effects can be used to regulate the physical properties of a material during regular physiological conditions. Examples from both plant mechanics and physiology will be considered explicitly. Growth can also lead to interesting phenomena such as cavitation and spontaneous instabilities in growing materials which can be observed in simple physical, physiological, and biological systems. This talk is (hopefully) designed to be accessible to scientists and undergraduate students with a general scientific background and I will stress on basic concepts related to biological growth and mechanics rather than computational problems.
Vaktang Putkaradze

The Colloquium counts as Seminar Credit for Mathematics Students.