Many job openings in both modern industry and higher education require an M.S. or Ph.D. in mathematics. Degree recipients are actively recruited by academic and industrial employers. As a group, industrial mathematicians are among the highest paid professionals in business and industry. The Graduate Program in Mathematics at Colorado State University is designed to prepare students for these positions. Colorado State University's graduate program in mathematics is highly regarded nationally and we have been very successful in preparing students for first rate careers.
Obtaining an M.S. or Ph.D. in Mathematics should be an exciting and rewarding endeavor in its own right. Yet, at the end of your n years at CSU most likely you will need to find a job. There are a number of helpful resources to assist you in this potentially complex task.
Locally at CSU you can find help at the Career Center. Check to see when the next Career Fair is being held as many employers from Denver and beyond will hold on site interviews.
More detailed help specifically for higher-level jobs in Mathematics may be found at the American Mathematical Society (AMS) employment site. For jobs in the more applied direction see the Society of Industrial and Applied Mathematics Professional Opportunities Site.
Your academic advisor should also be an excellent source of information on this topic. It is never too soon to discuss this topic. Indeed, your career options will in part be defined by your course selection and choice of research topic.